The present black currants will be largely replaced by new mildew-resistant cultivars —Ben Alder and Ben Sarek— which are available from plant propagators in Ontario. Harvesting Currants Harvest Season: Currants are harvested in the early summer. There's no need to add pectin or other gelling agents when making jams and preserves, and they're often combined with low-pectin fruits. The Sun shines directly on the Equator on the September equinox and the length of day and night is nearly equal, but not quite. True currants are small berries that grow on shrubs and are more like gooseberries. Red currants are the most common and best for jams, sauces, and similar culinary applications. When to Buy/In Season: Currants are fresh in June and July. True currants originate on a berry bush and are either red, pink, black or white. Out of all of the varieties, ‘Ben Connan’ black currants is the heaviest producing one, with up to 7 pounds of … Currants are in-season for a short period starting in late spring and running through early summer, though some varieties ripen later in the season. Marzolo, Gina. U.S. Department of Agriculture, April 2020. All times are local time for Hanoi. Currants grow in loose clusters, similar to grapes, ¼ inch diameter. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. We end our big season on a high note with pumpkin, leeks, eggplant, Brussels sprouts, cranberries, crabapples and the continuation from August of muskmelon and grapes. The berries usually are medium-small and also the groups are moderate in length. Ribes species produce the majority of their fruit on two- and three-year-old shoots. At this stage they have the most pectin and make the best jam. The plant prefers full sun to partial shade. Rinse fresh currants just before using them, and gently pat them thoroughly dry with a clean towel. Currants and gooseberries are closely related members of the Ribes genus of plants (often called the gooseberry family). The English word ‘currant’ has been used for this fruit only since 1550, taken from the fruit’s resemblance to the dried currants of Greece, raisins made from a small seedless grape. Mouths have been known to pucker while tasting a currant. Currant bushes, some of which are called gooseberries, produce marvelous small currant berries in summer.. Current facts about Currant. Matches well with. almonds, cherries, cream, pears, raspberries. Ethnicity. Search for a city's astronomical seasons, solstices, equinoxes, and much more... Countries define seasons differently. White and pink currants are sweeter, more delicate, and most often used fresh. These currants are smaller than ordinary raisins and are packed with flavor. Currants are commonly preserved in jams and can also be dried using a food dehydrator. An award-winning food writer and cookbook author, Molly Watson has created more than 1,000 recipes focused on local, seasonal ingredients. Ben Connan. For fresh eating wait until the fruits have fully ripen. Pink currants are the rarest and fall between the red and white varieties, both in color and taste. The shrubs have several identifying features, including smell, shape, height, clustering pattern, flowers, and leaf patterns. A sunny, weed-free location with at least a … The Winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere is in December, while in the Southern Hemisphere, it's in June. In the Southern Hemisphere, it's in March. All varieties have a bright acid kick to balance out their sweetness, and a fair amount of tannins that can make your mouth pucker. pH of 6 to 6.5 preferred. Shoots 4 years and older produce very little fruit. For longer storage, currants can be frozen just like other berries: Lay them in a single layer on a baking sheet, freeze until frozen, transfer to sealable plastic bags and keep in the freezer for up to 6 months. Look for them at farmers markets and specialty stores and select fruits that are shiny and full. Species: Red, pink and white currants belong to three European species (Ribes rubrum, R. petraeum, R. s… A currant bush produces fruit that are ready for harvest between mid-June and August, depending on the variety. The berries should be plump, glossy and a little bit firm when they are purchased, and they can be stored for as long as three days under refrigeration. An excellent source of fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants, one cup of fresh currants contains 62 calories and 15 grams of carbohydrate. Currants have also been used in traditional medicine to treat a number of conditions. Currant shrubs are also rather easy to grow, and that is one way to get around their limited availability. Black currants (Ribes nigrum) tend to ripen later in summer. July - September. raisins, chopped soft prunes, chopped dates Currants have a sweet and sour berry flavor. The December solstice is the summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere and the winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere. Currants vary in color from deep dark purple (black currants) to brilliant ruby red to an almost translucent white. They appear in early spring with new growth. As blackcurrant juice, … Look for indicators about working with fresh or frozen fruit, as this means true currants are used. It is important to check with local regulations because gooseberries and currants were banned in the U.S. because of a fungal disease that can infect white pines (white pine blister rust). Ship dates are selected during checkout process. Fresh currants are in season during the warm summer months, just like other berries. White currants are more delicate in flavor, lower in acidity, and often enjoyed fresh. Currants are also sold dried, but they’re not as readily available as sultanas and raisins. Next Season. During ripening season an abundance of red currants are available for the taking! Currants contain hard seeds; produce sold as seedless currents is actually a small seedless grape. Strip the currants from their stalks. FoodData Central. Greek. There are two types of black currants: American and European. The much older English name ‘ribes’ is of ancient Indo-European origin and is common to other languages. Black currants are also delicious with game meat, and often cooked into a simple sauce that's paired with duck or venison. They are best stored loosely wrapped or covered and chilled. In the winter of the plant's first season, all but two or three stems are removed at ground level. The grapes were originally cultivated in the south of Greece and more specifically, the island of Zante, hence the name Zante currant, used in the United States. What’s in Season in Fall. The Spruce Eats uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. These are really dried Corinth grapes that are more or less just small raisins. The strig Currants/Gooseberries. Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. The redcurrant, or red currant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family.It is native across Europe. Refrigerate fresh currants, tightly covered, up to 4 days. The health benefits of blackcurrants. Current Season. Store it. Agricultural Marketing Resource Center “Gooseberry,” February 2016. https://www.agmrc.org/commodities-products/fruits/gooseberry. It is also not easy to find fresh currants, as most are sold reconstituted into jams, jellies, juices, sorbets and sauces. A pruning program maintains a continuous supply of such wood. The standard red variety is Red Lake. Currants come in red, black, and gold colors when ripe. They're typically classified by the color of the berry, and there are a number of cultivars within each color. Freezing fresh currants makes it easier to remove them from the stem and avoid damaging the small fruits. In the Southern Hemisphere, it's in September. Current Facts Red currants are a member of the Grossulariaceae family and are botanically classified as Ribes rubrum and R. sativum. What Are Lingonberries, and How Are They Used? Wild currants are closely related to gooseberries. Currants are pruned so that most fruit are borne on spurs of two- or three-year old wood. Real currants are members of the Ribes family of flowering shrubs that thrive in northern climates with warm summers and cold winters. The Vernal (Spring) Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere is in March. On the other hand, when recipes recommend a raisin or sultana substitute, it probably means dried Zante currants (dried black currants can make a great substitute). Food Funct. This is due to the drying process, which reduces the water content from 80% to 15% (1, 2).The … The summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere is in June, while in the Southern Hemisphere, it's in December. By growing early season varieties that ripen sooner than main season varieties, you can sow now and still have a harvest by late summer into early fall. They are sold on the stem and often nestled in cardboard produce boxes alongside blueberries or blackberries. Gooseberry canes normally produce a spine at each leaf node and bear roughly grape-sized berries singly or in groups of two or three. My red currant bushes are ready to harvest in late May to early June, while my black currant bushes ripen about 2-3 weeks later. Despite their tiny size, currants are packed with nutrition. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/786678/nutrients. March equinox marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. © Time and Date AS 1995–2020. Gopalan A, Reuben SC, Ahmed S, Darvesh AS, Hohmann J, Bishayee A. They're prevalent in Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, and many varieties are native to North America. The Seasons Calculator shows the times and dates of Vernal (Spring) & Autumnal (Fall) equinoxes and Summer and Winter solstices all over the world. This calculator refers to astronomical seasons, not meteorological seasons. (NOTE: If you are not interested in growing Currants & Gooseberries, but just finding them, try going to the Nature's Restaurant Online site for Currants & Gooseberries.). Can be kept in the fridge for several days. How to select. Berry production will increase as the currant bush becomes older and more mature. Duration 88 days, 23 hrs, 35 mins. How to store. Snow or occasional frost will not hurt most new plants (green tissue culture plants excepted), and spring rains will foster growth. Soil. Black currants are muskier than other varieties. The plant prefers full sun to partial shade. They're often used in Dutch and French cuisines, featured in scones, tarts, and other baked goods, or processed into jams, preserves, and sauces. The June solstice is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere & the shortest day in the Southern Hemisphere. Currants are tiny, dark, intensely flavoured raisins made from a dried, small, black variety of grape, that was first grown at Corinth. After the first growing season, remove all but 6 to 8 vigorous, healthy shoots. Red currants grow best in locations that receive morning sun and afternoon shade, or dappled shade part of the day. High in nutrition and low in fat, its no wonder currants are more popular than ever. In the United States, the United Kingdom, and Ireland, "currants" often refer to the Zante currant. They are smaller than the dried grapes and have a deep berry flavor. Planting in the fall is not recommended in the Northeast and Midwest. Summer 2021 Start (June Solstice) Jun 20 11:32 pm. Dates are based on the. They are one of over 150 species within the Ribes genus, which also includes black currants, white currants, and gooseberry species. The species is widely cultivated and has escaped into the wild in many regions. Suitable for freezing. A rich source of iron, antioxidants, and fiber, currants will give your diet a super nutritional boost. Likewise, consider the origin; if it's a Danish, Dutch, or French dish, use currant berries. Spring 2021 Start (March Equinox) Mar 20 5:37 am. As with all berries, don't wash them ahead of time—the exposure to the extra moisture will just shorten their lifespan, causing them to mold or rot in the fridge. Fresh currants can be used like blueberries, and somewhat like blackberries or raspberries, in tarts and pies, and other desserts, such as sorbets and puddings. Use them fresh in fruit salads, particularly berry mixes, or to garnish desserts with their pretty color. Do not overcook or they will lose their fresh flavour. Currants. Plants are hardy down to Zone 3. When processing them into a jam, it's also common to leave them on the stem and remove it after cooking. Gooseberries also have a sour flavor and are often used in jams, pies, and sweet sauces for game and duck. Red Currant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. Common Names:Currant (English), Johannisbeere (German), Ribes (Danish, Swedish, Italian), Groseille (French), Bes (Flemish). Currants are also called johannisbeeren (German), ribes (Danish, Italian, and Swedish), groseille (French), and bes (Flemish). Dried black currants look a lot like Zante currants. Although closely related, you can easily distinguish currants and gooseberries by examining the canes and fruit. There are many varieties of currants. Iowa State University. Substitutions. They have the boldest flavor and are most commonly processed into jams, sauces, and syrups or dried rather than eaten fresh. Usually this variety is recognized as “poor to fair” for mechanical harvesting. Though the federal ban was lifted in 1966, some states continue to have Ribes regulations. Currants are in-season for a short period starting in late spring and running through early summer, though some varieties ripen later in the season. With a sweet and bright acidic berry flavor, currants are delicious when eaten fresh. Duration 92 days, 17 hrs, 54 mins. The white currant or whitecurrant is a group of cultivars of the red currant (Ribes rubrum), a species of flowering plant in the family Grossulariaceae, native to Europe. Currant canes lack the spines and bear 8 to 30 pea-sized berries in clusters. Read our, Johannisbeeren and Schwarze Johannisbeeren - Red and Black Currant, Easy-to-Make Recipe for Homemade Mulberry Jam. Cook it. Gooseberries are in the same Genus as the Currants - the Ribes Genus. Season. The rich flavor of currants is delicious in cakes, jams, and other dishes. Harvest season for currants is usually mid to late summer. The best time to prune currants and gooseberries is late winter or early spring (March to early April) before growth begins. Raisins, sultanas, and Zante currants are all sweet dried fruits that stem from different varieties of vine-grown grapes, while currants really are a fresh bush-grown berry that is tart rather than sweet. They can be found during the summer at some farmers markets and health food stores, usually sold on the vine or in small boxes/bags (like figs and grapes) that protect their delicate skin. Miscellaneous . Recipes that mention red or white currants are referring to the berry. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall and broad, with palmate leaves, and masses of spherical, edible fruit (berries) in summer. The best time for currants is late spring through late summer. Desserts, baked goods, jams, and sauces are the most common recipes to feature currants. Identifying the plants is easy because most gooseberries have thorns and currants do not. Raisins, sultanas and currants are highly nutritious. Blanka currant plant produces fruit used for juice and winemaking! Known as Zante currants, they are dried, seedless red grapes with a sweet and tangy taste. The name currant comes from the ancient city of Corinth. It is the Southern Hemisphere's autumnal/fall equinox. For jam and jelly, harvest when they are firm and their color has developed but not when fully ripe. We begin to crave in-season apples and pears, and as cool weather approaches so does the need for warmer dishes. Position. Unlike raisins, currants taste tart. Gooseberries can be green, red, black, or yellow and ripen later in the summer season (July through August). They’re both harvestable for about a month. Fresh black, red, pink, or white currants, as well as dried black currants, can be enjoyed in various ways. Plant as early as possible in the spring. Currants naturally contain a lot of pectin and acidity. While studies of the fruits are limited, some evidence shows that black currants, in particular, may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties.. Fresh currants are not widely available in the U.S. and they tend to cost a bit more than other berries. Red currant jelly is a common ingredient in sauce recipes. The consort black currant is definitely an earlier mid-season variety which is regarded as being just fair in productivity. Ribes rubrum is a deciduous shrub normally growing to 1–1.5 metres (3–5 ft) tall, occasionally 2 m (7 ft), with five-lobed leaves arranged spirally on the stems. Currants, Raw. Height – 40 to 50 inches (100 to 120 cm) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous. Currants have long been cultivated in Europe. Winter 2020-2021 Start (December Solstice) Dec 21 5:02 am. Duration 93 days, 15 hrs, 49 mins. Rich soil with compost dug in. The fall (autumnal) equinox in the Northern Hemisphere is in September. Red Currants also contain good amounts of Vitamin K, Manganese, and Potassium. They're very similar in size, growing habits, and culinary uses. Like all berries, fresh currants have a relatively short life-span. How to Select: Fresh currents should be firm and round. The fresh, tart flavor is excellent in fresh fruit dishes and can be used to make jams and preserves. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. The dried zante grapes are available year round, the fresh currants have a summer season. https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/786678/nutrients. Plants ship between January - July, depending on zone. Privacy & Terms, * All times are local time for Hanoi. The tiny berries grow in clusters on stems and are best when allowed to ripen on the plant. Varied Berry Currants. Name – Ribes grossularia Family – Grossulariaceae Type – fruit tree. Since they carry with them the significant acidic edge of the fresh fruits, they're the perfect foil for strongly flavored meats like pork, lamb, or game that benefit from a bit of sweetness. Red currants are available in the summer. Other names for currants are Zante currants, Corinth raisins, or Corinthian raisins. Add raw to fruits salads if they are not too tart or cook in a little water with sugar to taste. Due to the confusion between Zante currants and currant berries, it may be difficult to know which to use in a recipe. Most currants will not produce fruit until 1 to 3 years after planting. In The Garden Red Currants grow on a medium sizes shrub that reaches an average size of 4-5′ X 4-5′. Currant shrubs are also rather easy to grow, and that is one way to get around their limited availability. Look for firm, plump black fruit. Both are members of the ribes family, and are virtually interchangeable in recipes. 2012;3(8):795-809. doi:10.1039/c2fo30058c. Each flower bud opens to number of flowers (up to 20), joined together on a delicate, drooping 5 - 6 inch stem, called a strig. American black currant, Ribes americanum, is native to much of North America and is sometimes called wild black currant.European black currant, Ribes nigrum, is native to northern Europe and Asia. Flowers:Currant flowers are borne toward the bases of one-year old stems and on spurs on older stems. As “ poor to fair ” for mechanical Harvesting marvelous small currant berries in summer marks the of. 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Center “ gooseberry, ” February 2016. https: //www.agmrc.org/commodities-products/fruits/gooseberry them from the stem and often enjoyed fresh juice... Ribes ’ is of ancient Indo-European origin and is common to other languages features, including smell,,. Remove them from the stem and remove it after cooking fruit that are more like gooseberries more like.. And can be green, red, pink, or dappled shade part of the Ribes family and. Jun 20 11:32 pm only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles readily! United Kingdom, and gently pat them thoroughly dry with a sweet and tangy.! Grossularia family – Grossulariaceae Type – fruit tree gooseberries have thorns and currants do not nigrum ) to. Currants do not a small seedless grape - the Ribes genus ) to brilliant ruby to! Gooseberry family ) the longest day of the Ribes genus of plants ( green tissue plants...